Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. This disease affects more than 20.8 million Americans and is one of the nations most costly healthcare issues.
Types of Diabetes
Pre-Diabetes is when the blood glucose level is over normal ranges but under diabetic ranges. People who have a fasting blood glucose greater than 100mg/dl but less than 126 mg/dl have pre-diabetes. A random blood glucose greater than 140 mg/dl but less than 200 mg/dl is also pre-diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. They have a 1½ fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared to people with normal blood glucose.
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce any insulin and individuals must take insulin to stay alive.
Type 2 Diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is a metabolic disorder in which the body doesn’t properly use the insulin it produces. Type 2 diabetes is nearing epidemic proportions due to the increase in obesity, sedentary lifestyle and age.
Gestational Diabetes can occur during pregnancy and can be associated with many potentially serious problems. Pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes can be associated with serious medical concerns for both mother and baby. Through coordinated education and management, the outlook for a successful pregnancy is greatly enhanced.